Stay tuned for annotations and additional entries.

Adelson, Betty. The Lives of Dwarfs: Their Journey from Public Curiosity toward Social Liberation. Rutgers U P, 2005.

Barasch, Moshe. Blindness: The History of a Mental Image in Western Thought. Routledge, 2001, doi: 10.4324/9780203827215.

Billington, Sandra. A Social History of the Fool. Harvester Press; St. Martin’s Press, 1984.

Cock, E., Skinner, P. (2019). (Dis)functional Faces: Signs of the Monstrous?. In: Godden, R., Mittman, A. (eds) Monstrosity, Disability, and the Posthuman in the Medieval and Early Modern World. Palgrave Macmillan.

Comber, Abigail E. “A Medieval King ‘Disabled’ by an Early Modern Construct: A Contextual Examination of Richard III.” Disability in the Middle Ages: Reconsiderations and Reverberations. Routledge, 2010.

Croce, Luigi, Federica Di Cosimo, and Marco Lombardi. “A Short History of Disability in Italy.”The Routledge History of Disability, edited by Roy Hanes, Ivan Brown and Nancy E. Hansen, pp. 35-47. Routledge, 2018.

Frost, Gloria. “Medieval Aristotelians on Congenital Disabilities and Their Early Modern Critics.” Disability in Medieval Christian Philosophy and Theology, Routledge, 2020, pp. 51–79,

Godden, Richard H., and Asa S. Mittman, editors. Monstrosity, Disability, and the Posthuman in the Medieval and Early Modern World. Springer International, 2019.

Goodey, C. F. “Blockheads, Roundheads, Pointy Heads: Intellectual Disability and the Brain before Modern Medicine.” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, vol. 41, no. 2, 2005, pp. 165–83.

—. Development: The History of a Psychological Concept. Cambridge U P, 2021.

—. “Heterodoxy and Private Reason: Autism’s Historical Companions.” Popular Narrative Media, vol. 1, no. 1, 2008, pp. 5–12.

—. “Intellectual Ability and Speed of Performance: Galen to Galton.” History of Science, vol. 42, no. 4, 2004, pp. 465–95. SAGE Journals,

—. “Why Study the History of Learning Disability?” Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 20, no. 1, Jan. 2015, pp. 3–10,

Hickey, Helen M. “The Lexical Prison: Impairment and Confinement in Medieval and Early Modern England.” Parergon, vol. 34, no. 2, 2017, pp. 133–57, doi:10.1353/pgn.2017.0038.

Hughes, Bill. A Historical Sociology of Disability: Human Validity and Invalidity from Antiquity to Early Modernity. Routledge, 2020,

Kudlick, Catherine J. “Disability and Social Policy in Britain since 1750: A History of Exclusion.” Social History of Medicine : The Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine, vol. 19, no. 3, 2006, pp. 541-542, doi:10.1093/shm/hkl050.

McDonagh, Patrick. Idiocy: A Cultural History. Liverpool U P, 2008.

Miles, M. (2002) “Disability in South Asia-Millennium to Millennium”, Journal of Religion, Disability & Health, 6:2-3, 109-115, DOI: 10.1300/J095v06n02_11.

Millett-Gallant, Ann, and Elizabeth Howie, editors. Disability and Art History from Antiquity to the Twenty-First Century. Taylor and Francis, 2022, doi:10.4324/9781003048602.

Otto, Barbara. Fools Are Everywhere: The Court Jester Around the World. U of Chicago P, 2001.

Rastrick, Ólafur. “Physical Impairment and the Spatial Dimensions of Everyday Life in Rural Households in Pre-industrial Iceland.” Understanding Disability Throughout History: Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Iceland from Settlement to 1936, edited by Hanna Björg Sigurjónsdóttir and James G. Rice, pp. 128-145. Routledge, 2021.

Roy, Archie W.N. and Gisela Dimigen. “The History of Access to Education of People with Visual Impairments in Great Britain from 1656 to 1999.” The Routledge History of Disability, edited by Roy Hanes, Ivan Brown and Nancy E. Hansen, pp. 258-272. Routledge, 2018.

Scalenghe, Sara. Disability in the Ottoman Arab World, 1500–1800. Cambridge U P, 2014.

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Schattner, Angela. “Disabled to Work? Impairment, the in/ability to Work and Perceptions of dis/ability in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany.” Disability Studies Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 4, 2017,

Stainton, Tim. “Reason, Value and Persons: The Construction of Intellectual Disability in Western Thought from Antiquity to the Romantic Age.” The Routledge History of Disability, edited by Roy Hanes, Ivan Brown and Nancy E. Hansen, pp. 11-34. Routledge, 2018.

Steinert, Ulrike. Systems of Classification in Premodern Medical Cultures Sickness, Health, and Local Epistemologies. Routledge, 2020.

Sutherland-Meier, Madeline. “Toward a History of the Blind in Spain.” Disability Studies Quarterly, vol. 35, no. 4, 4, Nov. 2015.

Thiher, Allen. Revels in Madness: Insanity in Medicine and Literature. U of Michigan P, 1999, doi:10.3998/mpub.16078.

Turner, David M., and Kevin Stagg, editors. Social Histories of Disability and Deformity: Bodies, Images and Experiences. Routledge, 2006.

von Bernuth, Ruth. “Fools: From Marvels of Nature to Asylum Inmates. Imaginations of Natural Folly.” Disability Studies Quarterly, vol. 26, no. 2, 2, Mar. 2006.

Wang, Fuson. A Brief Literary History of Disability. Taylor and Francis, 2022, doi:10.4324/9781003244400.

Weygand, Zina. The Blind in French Society from the Middle Ages to the Century of Louis Braille. Translated by Emily-Jane Cohen. Stanford U P, 2009.